Law 14 - The Penalty Kick

A penalty kick is awarded against a team which commits one of the ten offences for which a direct free kick is awarded, inside its own penalty area and while the ball is in play.

A goal may be scored directly from a penalty kick.

Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of periods of extra time.

Position of the Ball and the Players

The ball:

  • is placed on the penalty mark

The player taking the penalty kick:

  • is properly identified

The defending goalkeeper:

  • remains on his goal line, facing the kicker, between the goalposts until the ball has been kicked

The players other than the kicker are located:

  • inside the field of play
  • outside the penalty area
  • behind the penalty mark
  • at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the penalty mark

The Referee

does not signal for a penalty kick to be taken until the players have taken up position in accordance with the Law decides when a penalty kick has been completed

Procedure

  • the player taking the penalty kicks the ball forward
  • he does not play the ball a second time until it has touched another player
  • the ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward

When a penalty kick is taken during the normal course of play, or time has been extended at half-time or full time to allow a penalty kick to be taken or retaken, a goal is awarded if, before passing between the goalposts and under the crossbar:

  • the ball touches either or both of the goalposts and/or the crossbar, and/or the goalkeeper

Infringements/Sanctions

If the referee gives the signal for a penalty kick to be taken and, before the ball is in play, one of the following situations occurs:

The player taking the penalty kick infringes the Laws of the Game:

  • the referee allows the kick to proceed
  • if the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken
  • if the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is not retaken

The goalkeeper infringes the Laws of the Game:

  • the referee allows the kick to proceed
  • if the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded
  • if the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is retaken

A team-mate of the player taking the kick enters the penalty area or moves in front of or within 9.5 m (10 yds) of the penalty mark:

  • the referee allows the kick to proceed
  • if the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken
  • if the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is not retaken

A team-mate of the goalkeeper enters the penalty area or moves in front of or within 9.15 m (10 yds) of the penalty mark:

  • the referee allows the kick to proceed
  • if the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded
  • if the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is retaken

A player of both the defending team and the attacking team infringe the Laws of the Game:

  • the kick is retaken

If, after the penalty kick has been taken: The kicker touches the ball a second time (except with his hands) before it has touched another player:

  • an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, the kick to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred * (see preface)

The kicker deliberately handles the ball before it has touched another player:

  • a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team, the kick to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred * (see preface)

The ball is touched by an outside agent as it moves forward:

  • the kick is retaken

The ball rebounds into the field of play from the goalkeeper, the crossbar or the goalposts, and is then touched by an outside agent:

  • the referee stops play
  • play is restarted with a dropped ball at the place where it touched the outside agent * (see preface)

 

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Revised: 09-07-2001